Laparoscopic and Endoscopic Surgery
This is the surgery with minimum to moderate pain and due to smaller incisions, it outweighs the open surgery process in some areas. The laparoscopic surgery includes abdominal and pelvic cavities, whereas keyhole surgery implies to the chest and thoracic areas. Whereas endoscopic surgery too known for its minimally invasive surgery, which emphasizes the diagnosis and treatments can be performed with reduced body cavity invasion. endoscopy is more widespread and not particular to an organ/body location.